Convert Numbers to Words in PHP

This script will convert numbers to words. It also contains an example.

The function can accept big numbers also, both positive and negative.

Enjoy coding.


function convert_number_to_words($number) {

$hyphen = '-';
$conjunction = ' and ';
$separator = ', ';
$negative = 'negative ';
$decimal = ' point ';
$dictionary = array(
0 => 'zero',
1 => 'one',
2 => 'two',
3 => 'three',
4 => 'four',
5 => 'five',
6 => 'six',
7 => 'seven',
8 => 'eight',
9 => 'nine',
10 => 'ten',
11 => 'eleven',
12 => 'twelve',
13 => 'thirteen',
14 => 'fourteen',
15 => 'fifteen',
16 => 'sixteen',
17 => 'seventeen',
18 => 'eighteen',
19 => 'nineteen',
20 => 'twenty',
30 => 'thirty',
40 => 'fourty',
50 => 'fifty',
60 => 'sixty',
70 => 'seventy',
80 => 'eighty',
90 => 'ninety',
100 => 'hundred',
1000 => 'thousand',
1000000 => 'million',
1000000000 => 'billion',
1000000000000 => 'trillion',
1000000000000000 => 'quadrillion',
1000000000000000000 => 'quintillion'
);

if (!is_numeric($number)) {
return false;
}

if (($number >= 0 && (int) $number < 0) || (int) $number < 0 - PHP_INT_MAX) {
// overflow
trigger_error(
'convert_number_to_words only accepts numbers between -' . PHP_INT_MAX . ' and ' . PHP_INT_MAX,
E_USER_WARNING
);
return false;
}

if ($number < 0) {
return $negative . convert_number_to_words(abs($number));
}

$string = $fraction = null;

if (strpos($number, '.') !== false) {
list($number, $fraction) = explode('.', $number);
}

switch (true) {
case $number < 21:
$string = $dictionary[$number];
break;
case $number < 100:
$tens = ((int) ($number / 10)) * 10;
$units = $number % 10;
$string = $dictionary[$tens];
if ($units) {
$string .= $hyphen . $dictionary[$units];
}
break;
case $number < 1000:
$hundreds = $number / 100;
$remainder = $number % 100;
$string = $dictionary[$hundreds] . ' ' . $dictionary[100];
if ($remainder) {
$string .= $conjunction . convert_number_to_words($remainder);
}
break;
default:
$baseUnit = pow(1000, floor(log($number, 1000)));
$numBaseUnits = (int) ($number / $baseUnit);
$remainder = $number % $baseUnit;
$string = convert_number_to_words($numBaseUnits) . ' ' . $dictionary[$baseUnit];
if ($remainder) {
$string .= $remainder < 100 ? $conjunction : $separator;
$string .= convert_number_to_words($remainder);
}
break;
}

if (null !== $fraction && is_numeric($fraction)) {
$string .= $decimal;
$words = array();
foreach (str_split((string) $fraction) as $number) {
$words[] = $dictionary[$number];
}
$string .= implode(' ', $words);
}

return $string;
}

Usage


echo convert_number_to_words(123456789);
// one hundred and twenty-three million, four hundred and fifty-six thousand, seven hundred and eighty-nine

echo convert_number_to_words(123456789.123);
// one hundred and twenty-three million, four hundred and fifty-six thousand, seven hundred and eighty-nine point one two three

echo convert_number_to_words(-1922685.477);
// negative one million, nine hundred and twenty-two thousand, six hundred and eighty-five point four seven seven

// float rounding can be avoided by passing the number as a string
echo convert_number_to_words(123456789123.12345); // rounds the fractional part
// one hundred and twenty-three billion, four hundred and fifty-six million, seven hundred and eighty-nine thousand, one hundred and twenty-three point one two
echo convert_number_to_words('123456789123.12345'); // does not round
// one hundred and twenty-three billion, four hundred and fifty-six million, seven hundred and eighty-nine thousand, one hundred and twenty-three point one two three four five

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